Population of Martinique

The population of Martinique is estimated at 396 404 inhabitants in January 2012. With an area of 1128 square kilometers, the density of the population is approximately 351 inhabitants per square kilometers.

The people of Martinique are called Martinican.

The spoken languages are the french language (official language) and the creole language (spoken language in the Carribean islands and others islands like the Reunion). The creole is a language inherited from the slavery era very close to the french language.

Distribution of Population

Dynamics of the population of MartiniqueThe three most populated municipalities are all located in the center of Martinique Fort-de-France, the capital of Martinique with 88,440 inhabitants, The Lamentin with 39,162 inhabitants and Robert with 23,918 inhabitants.
The less populated municipalities are in the north : Grand Riviere with its 678 inhabitants, Fonds-Saint-Denis and its 865 inhabitants and Macouba with 1239 inhabitants.

The population of Martinique in numbers

Life expectancy at birth is estimated at 78.8 years (78,7 years national average Insee figures 2013), for males and 85.1 years (85,0 years national average) for women so slightly higher figures to the French national average.

The infant mortality rate is 8.3 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2010 according to INSEE the french statistics institute so the double the Metropolitan figures.

Nearly 30% of Martinican are between 40 and 59 years old which constitutes the largest share by age category.

Pyramid in MartiniqueThe average age of the population of Martinique is 42 years old in 2012 and could be 57 years by 2040 if nothing is done to stem the aging population.

The people of Martinique are more women (54% of the population) than men (46%).


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