Rocher du Diamant (Diamond Rock)

One of the top must-see attractions while visiting the island is the Rocher du Diamant called in English Diamond Rock. It is a small uninhabited island located in the town which inherited its name. It bathes in the Caribbean Sea. It is located 3 km (1.9 mi.) away from the Pointe du Diamant.

It is called a diamond because of its gem-like shape after it has been cut.

It rises to 175 meters above sea level.

It is of volcanic origin and is believed to have appeared almost a million years ago.

The Rocher du Diamant is covered with bush and is not accessible due to its size.

It also marks the history of Martinique. Object of covetousness of the English who wanted to use it to visualize and keep an eye on the area, the French fought triumphantly on many occasions to keep the jewel attached to the island of Martinique and not to that of St. Lucia, then an English colony.

In January 1804, the English seized the Rocher and installed 5 anons at its summit. The French troops try to recover the islet for several months, without succeeding. Following a new attack by French forces, the English resigned themselves to leaving the islet to the French on June 2, 1805.

In terms of climate, like many islets surrounding the island, the weather conditions are different from those experienced in Martinique. Indeed, the sunshine is more important there, the precipitations are less there and the period of seasonal drought is longer.

Note that the Rocher du Diamant is the place of residence of the endemic snake of Martinique called Couresse de la Martinique. The sources remain unclear whether this snake is still present there or would have completely disappeared.

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